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Tithe

A tenth part of the produce of land (praedial); of the fruits of labour (personal) and those arising partly out of the ground and partly from work (mixed) offered to the clerical incumbent of a parish benefice. If the incumbent was a rector he would receive the great tithes (wheat, oats etc.) and the small (chickens, goats, lambs etc.) but when the parish was appropriated the great tithes fell to the lay impropriator and only the small to the clerical vicar. Some tithes were compounded (i.e. a fixed annual payment was made in lieu of tithe). Others had apparently fallen into disuse. Suits for recovery of tithe filled the ecclesiastical courts of this and the succeeding century and exacerbated poor relations between clergy and laity as well as between lay impropriators and laymen.