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Benefice

An ecclesiastical office with prescribed duties attached, in reward for which certain revenues were given (known as temporalities). For examples, a vicarage was a benefice and so was a prebend. The vicar discharged a cure (care) of souls in exchange for which he received the small tithes from his parishioners. A prebendary's duties were associated with the cathedral, and in exchange for their performance he drew revenues from a given portion of land.